Vorbereitung Gutachtenerstellung

Pre­pa­ra­ti­on of the report


Initi­al situation

In order to prepa­re an expert report, we offer you to prepa­re and train for the appoint­ments with the expert. We also offer to accom­pa­ny you to the appoint­ments with the expert.


Trai­ning of par­ti­ci­pan­ts to acqui­re edu­ca­tio­nal psy­cho­lo­gi­cal skills

The legal child wel­fa­re criteria:

  • Sup­port prin­ci­ple / sui­ta­bi­li­ty for upbringing
  • Con­ti­nui­ty prin­ci­ple / sta­bi­li­ty principle
  • Ties of the child
  • Child’s will

which are con­tai­ned in the Basic Law and in the Civil Code, must be fil­led in by the expert in the pre­pa­ra­ti­on of the report with appro­pria­te human-sci­en­ti­fic ques­ti­ons. Based on the ques­ti­ons, an indi­vi­du­al case is then ana­ly­zed and evaluated.

Figu­re 1 shows an over­view of the legal regu­la­ti­ons for the legal child wel­fa­re criteria.

Figu­re 1: Over­view of the legal regu­la­ti­ons of the legal child wel­fa­re criteria

The child wel­fa­re cri­te­ria used in juris­pru­dence and juris­pru­den­ti­al tea­ching that affect the par­ents (prin­ci­ple of sup­port / paren­tal apti­tu­de for upbrin­ging, con­ti­nui­ty / sta­bi­li­ty prin­ci­ple) and that affect the child (attach­ments, children’s will) are dealt with in Psy­cho­lo­gi­cal Ques­ti­ons (West­hoff & Kluck, 2014, p. 35 ) transferred.

It is asked:

  • Which solu­ti­on is likely to give the child bet­ter deve­lo­p­ment con­di­ti­ons (fun­ding oppor­tu­ni­ties / par­ents’ sui­ta­bi­li­ty for upbringing),
  • which solu­ti­on bet­ter gua­ran­tees the child’s inte­rest in con­ti­nuous and sta­ble deve­lo­p­ment (ensu­ring con­ti­nui­ty and sta­bi­li­ty by the parents),
  • Which parent the child has which attach­ment and which one is bet­ter pre­pared to main­tain and pro­mo­te the attach­ment to the other parent and in which decis­i­on the attach­ments to grand­par­ents, siblings and other care­gi­vers are best taken into account (attach­ments of the child),
  • which decis­i­on cor­re­sponds to the will and incli­na­ti­ons of the child (will of the child) (Schwab / Mot­zer, 2013, pp. 593-594).

Figu­res 2 to 5 sum­ma­ri­ze the human sci­ence ques­ti­ons requi­red to fill in the legal con­cept of child welfare.

Figu­re 2: Ques­ti­ons on the fun­ding prin­ci­ple / paren­tal aptitude

Figu­re 3: Issues rela­ting to the con­ti­nui­ty / sta­bi­li­ty principle

Figu­re 4: Ques­ti­ons about the child’s attachment

Figu­re 5: Ques­ti­ons about the child’s will

Deal­ing with the­se ques­ti­ons should be tried out befo­re an expert report in order to be able to meet the requi­re­ments. The trai­ning can include atti­tu­des but also beha­vi­or in spe­ci­fic paren­ting situations.


Accom­p­animent to appoint­ments with the expert

With the decis­i­on of the Hamm Hig­her Regio­nal Court of Febru­ary 15, 2015 (Az. 14 UF 135/14), it was once again made clear that par­ties to be asses­sed psy­cho­lo­gi­cal­ly are to be allo­wed an accom­pany­ing per­son that has no right to express them­sel­ves or to par­ti­ci­pa­te during an exami­na­ti­on. The accom­p­animent to an expert appoint­ment thus pri­ma­ri­ly ful­fills the func­tion of a wit­ness and enables a pro­fes­sio­nal psy­cho­lo­gi­cal exami­na­ti­on of the expert appoin­ted by the court.



Schmidt, A. & West­hoff, K. (2020). Kin­des­wohl inter­dis­zi­pli­när: Empi­ri­sche Ergeb­nis­se für die juris­ti­sche Pra­xis bei Tren­nung der Eltern. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

Schwab, D. (2013). Hand­buch des Schei­dungs­rechts (7. neu­be­ar­bei­te­te Auf­la­ge). Mün­chen: Vahlen.

West­hoff, K. & Kluck, M.-L. (2014). Psy­cho­lo­gi­sche Gut­ach­ten schrei­ben und beur­tei­len (6. voll­stän­dig über­ar­bei­te­te und erwei­ter­te Auf­la­ge). Ber­lin: Springer.



Univ.-Prof. Dr. Karl-Josef Kluge

(Uni­ver­si­ty of Colo­gne, Facul­ty of Human Sci­en­ces, Depart­ment for Cura­ti­ve Edu­ca­ti­on and Reha­bi­li­ta­ti­on, Sub­ject: Edu­ca­tio­nal Aid and Social-Emo­tio­nal Promotion)


02162 24606


klugekajo@yahoo.de und kluge@euroges.de

Dr. Axel Schmidt

(Diplo­ma in busi­ness admi­nis­tra­ti­on, diplo­ma psychologist)


0171 307 39 48



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